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Lukas Foss

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Yvar Mikhashoff
Incitation to Desire

Ever since his early days as a musical "wunderkind," Lukas Foss has shown himself to be one of that rare breed -- an all-around musician, enjoying equally stellar reputations as a composer, conductor, pianist, educator, and spokesman for his art. The prestigious honors and awards he has received emphasize his importance as one of the most brilliant and respected personalities in American music.

As a composer, Mr. Foss has, like his idol J.S. Bach, eagerly embraced the musical languages of his time, producing a body of well over one hundred works that Aaron Copland called, in 1974, "among the most original and stimulating compositions in American music." Tom Johnson in the Village Voice went further: "Little by little he is knitting together a body of work which may actually speak for contemporary culture as as whole more eloquently than any other."

As Music Director of the Brooklyn Philharmonic, the Buffalo Philharmonic and the Milwaukee Symphony, Foss has been an effective champion of living composers and has brought new life to the standard repertoire. The adventurous mix of traditional and contemporary music that he programs and conducts with the Brooklyn Philharmonic at the Brooklyn Academy of Music was described in 1986 by the New York Times as "The most engrossing and unusual programs in town ... Our musical life would be richer if Lukas Foss ... could hire himself out as a sort of 'programmer at large.' He seems incapable of a mechanical idea."

In 1937, as a fifteen-year-old prodigy, Lukas Foss came to America to study at Philadelphia's Curtis Institute of Music. By that time, he had already been composing for eight years, starting with his first piano teacher, Julius Herford, in Berlin. He had also studied in Paris with Lazare Levy, Noel Gallon, Felix Wolfes, and Louis Moyse, after his family fled Nazi Germany in 1933. At Curtis, his teachers included Fritz Reiner (conducting) and Isabelle Vengerova (piano). At age 15, G.Schirmer published his first work, a series of piano pieces written mostly on the New York subway. By age 18, the young musician had graduated with honors from Curtis, and was headed for advanced study, in conducting, with Serge Koussevitzky at Tanglewood and in composition with Paul Hindemith at Yale University.

When Mr. Foss was named to succeed Arnold Schoenberg as professor of composition at the University of California at Los Angeles in 1953, the University probably thought it was replacing a man who made traditions with one who conserved them. But that is not how things turned out. Indeed, Mr. Foss followed his curiosity into the very den of the avant-garde. In 1957, in search of the spontaneous expression that lies at the root of all music, he founded the Improvisation Chamber Ensemble, a foursome that improvised music in concert, working not from a score but from Foss' ideas and visions. The effects of these experiments soon showed in his composed works, where Mr. Foss began probing and questioning the ideas of tonality, notation, and fixed form. Even time itself came up for scrutiny in the 1960 work "Time Cycle" for soprano and orchestra, a setting of texts about time by Auden, Housemam, Kafka and Nietzsche, that was first performed by Leonard Bernstein and the New York Philharmonic, with interludes by Foss' Improvisation Chamber Ensemble. At the premiere, Mr. Bernstein, in an unprecedented gesture of respect, performed the entire work twice that same evening. "Time Cycle" received the New York Music Critics' Circle Award for 1961, and was recorded on the CBS label.

Mr. Foss' compositions of the last twenty-five years prove that a love for the past can be reconciled with all sorts of innovations. Whether the musical language is serial, aleatoric, neoclassic or minimalist, the "real" Lukas Foss is always present. The essential feature in his music is the tension, so typical of the 20th century, between tradition and new modes of music expression. This tension is most explicit in such works as "Baroque Variations" for orchestra (1967), which "deconstructs" pieces by Handel, Scarlatti and Bach. It has received frequent international performances and has had a strong influence on younger composers. On the other hand, traditionalism is not absent in such experimental works as "Echoi" (1961-63), which, along with Mr. Foss' "Paradigm" and "Solo Observed", is considered one of the major contemporary works for chamber ensemble.

His ideas, and his compelling way of expressing them, have earned Lukas Foss continued respect as an educator as well. He has taught composition at Tanglewood, and has been composer-in-residence at Harvard, the Manhattan School of Music, Carnegie Mellon University, Yale University, and presently, Boston University. In 1983, he was elected to the American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters, of which he is now a Vice Chancellor. The holder of eight honorary doctorates, he is in constant demand as a lecturer. In 1986, at the National Gallery in Washington, DC, he delivered the prestigious Mellon Lectures.

Mr. Foss has appreared as guest conductor of such major American orchestras as the Boston Symphony, Chicago Symphony, Cleveland Orchestra, the Los Angeles Philharmonic, the New York Philharmonic, Philadelphia Symphony Orchestra and the San Francisco Symphony. Abroad, he has led the Berlin Philharmonic, Leningrad Symphony, London Symphony Orchestra, Santa Cecilia Orchestra of Rome and the Tokyo Philharmonic, among others.

Lukas Foss lives in New York City with his wife Cornelia, a noted painter. They have a son and a daughter.

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